Red Hat Linux 8 is a powerful and widely used enterprise-grade Linux distribution. If you need to set up MariaDB, an open-source relational database management system, on your Red Hat Linux 8 system, this step-by-step tutorial will guide you through the installation process.
Before you begin, make sure you have:
- A Red Hat Linux 8 system.
- Root or sudo access.
- An active internet connection.
Step 1: Update Your System
Start by ensuring your Red Hat Linux 8 system is up to date with the latest security patches and software. Open a terminal and run the following commands:
sudo dnf update
This command will refresh your system’s package repository and upgrade installed packages.
Step 2: Install MariaDB
Red Hat Linux 8 includes MariaDB in its default repositories, making the installation straightforward. Use the following command to install MariaDB:
sudo dnf install mariadb-server
During the installation, you will be prompted to confirm the package installation. Type ‘y’ and press Enter.
Step 3: Start and Enable MariaDB
After the installation, start the MariaDB service and enable it to start at boot using the following commands:
sudo systemctl start mariadb
sudo systemctl enable mariadb
You can verify that MariaDB is running with this command:
sudo systemctl status mariadb
Step 4: Secure Your MariaDB Installation
MariaDB comes with a script that helps you secure your database installation. Run the following command:
You’ll be prompted to set a root password, remove anonymous users, disallow root login remotely, and remove the test database. Follow the prompts and answer ‘Y’ or ‘N’ as needed.
Step 5: Log In to MariaDB
Now that your MariaDB installation is secure, you can log in to the database server using the following command:
sudo mysql -u root -p
Enter the root password you set during the installation when prompted.
Step 6: Create a New Database and User
To create a new database and user, follow these steps:
Log in to MariaDB as the root user.
Create a new database (replace
mydatabasewith your preferred name):
CREATE DATABASE mydatabase;
Create a new user and grant privileges (replace
mypasswordwith your desired username and password):
CREATE USER 'myuser'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'mypassword'; GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON mydatabase.* TO 'myuser'@'localhost'; FLUSH PRIVILEGES;
Exit the MariaDB prompt:
Step 7: Test Your MariaDB Installation
You can test your new database and user by logging in with the created credentials:
mysql -u myuser -p
Enter the password when prompted, and you should now have access to the database you created.
You’ve successfully installed MariaDB on your Red Hat Linux 8 system, secured the installation, and created a new database and user. MariaDB is a powerful and reliable database system that can serve as the foundation for various web applications and services. You are now ready to build and manage your databases with MariaDB on Red Hat Linux 8.