How to Install PostgreSQL on Debian 10: A Step-by-Step Tutorial

In this comprehensive step-by-step tutorial, we will guide you through the process of installing PostgreSQL on a Debian 10 system.

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PostgreSQL, often referred to as Postgres, is a powerful and open-source relational database management system known for its robustness and extensibility. In this comprehensive step-by-step tutorial, we will guide you through the process of installing PostgreSQL on a Debian 10 system. Additionally, we will cover essential database management tasks, equipping you with the knowledge to work with PostgreSQL on your Debian 10 server.


Before you begin the installation process, ensure you have met the following prerequisites:

  1. A Debian 10 server with root or sudo access.
  2. A stable internet connection to download PostgreSQL packages.
  3. Familiarity with basic Linux command-line operations.

With these prerequisites in place, let’s proceed with the installation.

Installing PostgreSQL on Debian 10

Step 1: Update the System

Start by ensuring your Debian 10 system is up to date. Open a terminal and run the following commands:

sudo apt update
sudo apt upgrade

This command will update the package list and upgrade existing packages on your system.

Step 2: Install PostgreSQL

To install PostgreSQL on Debian 10, use the following command:

sudo apt install postgresql postgresql-contrib

This command will install both the PostgreSQL server and additional contrib packages that provide useful extensions and utilities.

Step 3: Start and Enable PostgreSQL

PostgreSQL should start automatically after installation. However, to ensure it starts at boot, use the following command:

sudo systemctl enable postgresql

Creating a PostgreSQL User and Database

Let’s create a new PostgreSQL user and database. Replace your_user and your_password with your preferred values:

sudo -u postgres createuser your_user
sudo -u postgres createdb -O your_user your_database

To illustrate PostgreSQL’s capabilities, let’s create a simple table in the newly created database. Access the PostgreSQL command-line tool, psql, using the following command:

sudo -u postgres psql -d your_database

Once in the psql prompt, execute the following SQL commands to create a basic table:

CREATE TABLE example (
    id serial PRIMARY KEY,
    name VARCHAR (100),
    age INT

Managing the PostgreSQL Service

To manage the PostgreSQL service on Debian 10, you can use the following commands:

  • Start PostgreSQL service: sudo systemctl start postgresql

  • Stop PostgreSQL service: sudo systemctl stop postgresql

  • Restart PostgreSQL service: sudo systemctl restart postgresql

  • Check PostgreSQL service status: sudo systemctl status postgresql


Congratulations! You have successfully installed PostgreSQL on your Debian 10 server, created a database, and learned how to perform basic management tasks. PostgreSQL’s extensive feature set makes it a versatile choice for various data storage needs. To make the most of PostgreSQL, explore its documentation and tailor it to your specific requirements.

With PostgreSQL now installed and running, you are well-prepared to build and manage databases for your applications, leveraging its scalability and reliability for your data-driven projects.

If you want to learn more about MySQL, please use our PostgreSQL tutorials and PostgreSQL Reference.