How to connect to MySQL in Java

This article show you how to connect to a MySQL database in Java.

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To connect to a MySQL database in Java, you can use the JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) API. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to do this:

Step 1: Install MySQL Connector/J

First, you need to ensure that you have the MySQL Connector/J library installed. You can download it from the official MySQL website ( and add the JAR file to your Java project’s classpath.

Step 2: Import the Required Packages

Import the necessary Java packages at the beginning of your Java class:

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;

Step 3: Establish a Connection

You need to establish a connection to your MySQL database using the Connection class. You’ll typically need to provide the database URL, username, and password. Replace your_database_url, your_username, and your_password with your actual database information:

Connection connection = null;
try {
    String url = "jdbc:mysql://your_database_url:3306/your_database_name";
    String username = "your_username";
    String password = "your_password";
    connection = DriverManager.getConnection(url, username, password);
    System.out.println("Connected to the database!");
} catch (SQLException e) {
    System.err.println("Connection error: " + e.getMessage());
} finally {
    // Close the connection when done
    if (connection != null) {
        try {
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.err.println("Error closing connection: " + e.getMessage());

Step 4: Execute SQL Queries

Once you have a connection, you can use it to execute SQL queries and interact with your database. For example, you can create a Statement object and execute SQL queries:

try {
    Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
    String sqlQuery = "SELECT * FROM your_table_name";
    ResultSet resultSet = statement.executeQuery(sqlQuery);

    // Process the result set here...

} catch (SQLException e) {
    System.err.println("SQL error: " + e.getMessage());

Replace your_table_name with the name of the table you want to query, and you can customize the SQL query according to your requirements.

Step 5: Handle Exceptions

Always make sure to handle exceptions properly to ensure that your program can gracefully recover from errors and release resources.

Step 6: Close the Connection

Finally, close the database connection when you’re done with it, as shown in the finally block in Step 3. This is important to release the database resources properly.

Remember to add appropriate error handling and consider using try-with-resources for resource management if you’re using Java 7 or later. Also, be cautious with storing database credentials in your code; it’s often better to use a configuration file or environment variables for this purpose.