How to connect to MySQL 8 in a Spring boot project?

This article shows how to connect to MySQL 8 in a Spring boot project.

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Connecting to a MySQL 8 database in a Spring Boot project is a common task, and Spring Boot simplifies this process by providing auto-configuration and convenient abstractions. Here’s how you can connect to MySQL 8 in a Spring Boot project:

Step 1: Create a Spring Boot Project

If you don’t already have a Spring Boot project, you can create one using the Spring Initializr ( or your preferred integrated development environment (IDE). Be sure to select the necessary dependencies, including “Spring Web” and “Spring Data JPA.”

Step 2: Configure Database Properties

In your Spring Boot project’s or application.yml file, configure the database properties to connect to MySQL 8. Here’s an example file:

# Database configuration

# Hibernate configuration

Replace your_database_name, your_username, and your_password with your actual database information.

Step 3: Create an Entity Class

Create a Java entity class that represents a table in your database. An entity class is annotated with @Entity, and its fields are annotated with JPA annotations to map them to database columns. For example:

import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.GenerationType;
import javax.persistence.Id;

public class YourEntity {
    @GeneratedValue(strategy = GenerationType.IDENTITY)
    private Long id;

    private String name;

    // getters and setters

Step 4: Create a Repository Interface

Create a Spring Data JPA repository interface that extends JpaRepository or a related repository interface. For example:


public interface YourEntityRepository extends JpaRepository<YourEntity, Long> {
    // Custom query methods can be added here if needed

Step 5: Use the Repository

You can now use the repository to interact with the database in your Spring Boot application. For example, you can inject the repository into a service or controller and use it to perform CRUD operations on your entity.

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service;

public class YourEntityService {
    private final YourEntityRepository yourEntityRepository;

    public YourEntityService(YourEntityRepository yourEntityRepository) {
        this.yourEntityRepository = yourEntityRepository;

    // Implement methods to interact with the database using your repository

Step 6: Run Your Spring Boot Application

Start your Spring Boot application. Spring Boot will automatically configure the data source, transaction manager, and other necessary components based on the properties you specified in or application.yml. Your application should now be able to connect to the MySQL 8 database and perform database operations using Spring Data JPA.

Remember to handle exceptions and error scenarios gracefully and consider adding validation, error handling, and security features to your application as needed.